NNN Nigeria: The Rise of Ponzi Empires

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Last Tuesday, MMM Nigeria suspended payments for reasons bordering on ‘serving’ participants better – barely a week after is NNN Nigeria. NNN Nigeria is promising to out-pay MMM Nigeria by 5% – 35% vs 30%. Question is, are some individuals playing on the intelligence of ordinary Nigerians during an economic downturn.

An investment that offers 35% returns on investment monthly(420% annually) is too good to be true, especially when the best returns from the banks is 5 – 15% annually. The traditional banks have to always pay staff salaries, offset all staff bonuses, pay rents, and always build new branch outlet. A virtual bank(one without brick offices) will not need to pay any of the above, and can invariably return higher margin on investment. But can this justify 360% return annually?

Putting this in perspective, an N500,000 investment in an NNN in January will become N2,100,000.00(profit N1.3 million ) by January of next year. The notorious MMM will return N1.8 million. Compared to a traditional bank investment with a maximum of N575,000.00(profit N75,000) if lucky. The three returns are like a race between a snail and a horse and a cheetah. Now we should not be surprised at so many Nigerians believing strongly in the Ponzi doctrines and willing to herald it to the gates of IDP camps.

What is NNN, and is this type of investment sustainable. Where are the returns coming from? Or are the founders of NNN in Nigeria printing their own monies? NNN like MMM is a Ponzi scheme. NNN, unlike MMM, has no global antecedent, but like a derivation of MMM with some playing on English alphabets – NNN = next-MMM.

According to Wikimedia, MMM was established in 1989 by Sergei Mavrodi, his brother Vyacheslav Mavrodi, and Olga Melnikova. The name of the company was taken from the first letters of the three founders’ surnames. Initially, the company imported computers and office equipment. In January 1992, tax police accused MMM of tax evasion, leading to the collapse of MMM-bank, and causing the company to have difficulty obtaining financing to support its operations.

MMM created its successful Ponzi scheme in 1994. The company started attracting money from private investors, promising annual returns of up to one thousand percent. It is unclear whether a Ponzi scheme was Mavrodi’s initial intention, inasmuch as such extravagant returns might have been possible during the Russian hyperinflation in such commerce as import-export.

MMM grew rapidly. In February 1994, the company reported dividends of 1,000% and started an aggressive TV ad campaign. An important factor in the scheme’s success was word of mouth, but most of the company’s success came from its extremely aggressive ad campaign.

At its peak the company was taking in more than 100 billion rubles (about 50 million USD) each day from the sale of its shares to the public. Thus, the cash flow turnover at the MMM central office in Moscow was so high that it could not be estimated. The management started to count money in roomfuls (1 roomful of money, 2 roomfuls of money, etc.

NNN, unlike MMM, has no global antecedent, but like a derivation of MMM with some playing on English alphabets – NNN = next-MMM.

Regular publication in the media of the rising MMM share price led President Boris Yeltsin to issue a decree in June 1994 prohibiting financial institutions from publicising their expected income.

The success of MMM in attracting investors led to the creation of other similar companies, including Tibet, Chara, Khoper-Invest, Selenga, Telemarket, and Germes. All characterised by extremely high promised rates of return. One company promised annual returns of 30,000%.

On July 22, 1994, the police closed the offices of MMM for tax evasion. Everyone lost money. In January 2016 the Chinese government banned MMM on the grounds that it is a pyramid scheme, (Ponzi scheme), and it is not registered in the country (and as a fraudulent scheme cannot be registered).

Is MMM a Ponzi Scheme –

A Ponzi scheme is a fraudulent investment operation where the operator, an individual or organisation, pays returns to its investors from new capital paid to the operators by new investors, rather than from profit earned through legitimate sources. Operators of Ponzi schemes usually entice new investors by offering higher returns than other investments, in the form of short-term returns that are either abnormally high or unusually consistent.

Typically, well-above-average returns are promised on the original investment and vague verbal constructions such as “high-yield investment programs”, or “offshore investment” might be used. The promoter sells shares to investors by taking advantage of a lack of investor knowledge or competence or using claims of a proprietary investment strategy which MUST BE kept secret to ensure a competitive edge.

Initially, the promoter will pay out high returns to attract more investors and to lure current investors into putting in additional money. Other investors begin to participate, leading to a cascade effect. The “return” to the initial investors is paid out of the investments of new entrants, rather than solely from profits.

Often the high returns encourage investors to leave their money in the scheme, with the result that the promoter does not have to pay out very much to investors; he simply has to send them statements showing how much they have earned. This maintains the deception that the scheme is an investment with high returns.

Where is MMM Getting All The Money From

From the 1977 ‘Seven laws of Money’ by Mike Phillips. Mike, a Bank of America banker –

Law 6 – “You can never really receive money as a gift. Money is either borrowed or lent or possibly invested. It is never given or received without those concepts implicit in it. Giving money requires some payment; if it’s not repaid the nightmare elements enter into it. A gift of money is really a contract; it’s really a repayable loan, and it requires performance and an accounting of performance that is satisfactory to the giver.”

At 30% monthly rates for everyone, it seems MMM is making money faster than money can be printed by Minting and Printing Agencies of government. It is most likely MMM pays the “return” to the initial investors from the investments of new entrants, rather than solely from profits – this is even confirmed since no physical goods are being sold.

Will MMM Crash?

When a Ponzi scheme is not stopped by the authorities like Federal Government or EFCC, it sooner or later falls apart for one of the following reasons:

1. The promoter vanishes, taking all the remaining investment money.
2. Since the scheme requires a continual stream of investments to fund higher returns, once investment slows down, the scheme collapses as the promoter starts having problems paying the promised returns (the higher the returns, the greater the risk of the Ponzi scheme collapsing). Such liquidity crises often trigger panics, as more people start asking for their money, similar to a bank run.
3. External market forces, such as a sharp decline in the economy (for example, the Madoff investment scandal during the market downturn of 2008), cause many investors to withdraw part or all of their funds at the same time.

Government Crackdown

The operations of MMM Nigeria is under investigation, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) confirmed on the 15th of November, 2016

Last week, the House of Reps ordered its committee on banking, currency, and financial crimes to investigate the activities of MMM scheme in Nigeria. It also ordered all law enforcement agencies to start arresting those promoting the MMM Ponzi scheme.

Nigerians are advised against money multiplying schemes, whether NNN or MMM – it always pays to seek honest means of making money.

Central Bank of Nigeria(CBN) warned Nigerians against patronising MMM which it said was fraudulent, not regulated and not in tandem with any known business model.

The crash of Ponzi schemes always starts with any of government regulations or intervention or interference. The end will justify whether MMM is a wonder bank, smart investment portfolio, high-yield investment, Ponzi scheme, Pyramid Scheme or a disaster waiting to happen to many.

Nigerians are advised against money multiplying schemes, whether NNN or MMM – it always pays to seek honest means of making money.

 

  1. I don’t know the fuss about MMM, because ultimate cycler is the best scheme.
    12,500 =50,000 in less than 2 weeks.
    It’s real, it pays.
    To register click the link below :
    http://www.ultimatecycler.com/ref/Brittleverest
    Serious members only.

    Reply
  2. “hello every one, i must say it’s been pretty rough for us ordinary nigerians: high cost of goods and services, lack of basic amenities and where they exist dilapidated, insecurity, insurgency, the lists is unending while the pple we call govt are too busy(amassing wealth). in the face of all the hardship, a whole lot of money making schemes have flooded the country. but that does not mean, they are all phony. i have personally encountered one and i am going to share with all interested persons not bcos i want to promote them but bcos i have made some really cool profits from it….it is known as NNN, a replica of the erstwhile MMM, but modified to exclude every thing that led to the collapse of the latter. it offers 35%and 55% interest on cash and bitcoin donations respectively, #5000 welcome bonus, and your withdrawals within 14days of a donation, + others…follow this link to register: http://[email protected]

    Reply
  3. Register on pairfund.com and get 200% of your money back within 2 days.

    Reply

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